Africa is a very contrasting Continent. There are so many possibilities that you may not even know where to start. Let's take a look at some unemployment figures first.
In terms of the recent October Household Survey (OHS) released by Statistics South Africa, the South African unemployment rate amounted to 22% or 37% in 1997, depending on how it is measured. The differences between these numbers are important in the sense that they reveal certain characteristics of South Africa's unemployment problem, which require a closer analysis.
The situation in most of the African countries is very much like the one we just described above. Here we will give you a general idea of what it would be like to work in Africa, and we will tell you where to find specific information on any country you are interested in.
Statistics speak for themselves, Uganda has been recognised as the fastest growing economy in the region. The GDP growth rate achieved by Uganda in the last decade has been remarkable, to say the least. By participating and strengthening in regional trade promotion bodies like the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and the Preferential Trade
Agreement (PTA), Uganda has contributed immensely to the economic progress and well being of the region as a whole. The East African region has emerged as one of the fastest growing markets in the world for consumer and capital goods. The import of goods and merchandise to the East African region has registered a two-fold increase in the last two years. Recent trade liberalisation policies and sweeping economic reforms have further added to the increase in international trade with the East African countries. The free flow of goods within the East African region has further boosted the status of this exclusive market of over 400 million consumers.
If you take a look at Kenya, for example, you can see that its economy is heavily dependent on agriculture, which employs about 70 percent of the labour force and contributes about 25 percent of the GDP. The service sector, including tourism, accounts for about 45 percent of the GDP and is an important source of employment.
The industrial sector is relatively developed and diversified, contributes about 15 percent of the GDP and employs close to 8 percent of the labour force. Government services account for the residual 15 percent of the GDP. Tourism is Kenya's leading foreign exchange earner, providing 22 percent of export earnings, while coffee and tea together account for an additional 24 percent.
If you need more information on any African country, please visit the following websites for a comprehensive list of facts and figures that may be of use to you.
> USEFUL LINKS
AFRICA ONLINE: www.africaonline.com
JOBS IN AFRICA: intljobs.about.com/careers/intljobs/cs/jobsinafrica
Per il Sud Africa > TROVIT: http://jobs.trovit.co.za/
> LOCAL PAPERS
EAST AFRICAN STANDARD: www.eastandard.net
SUNDAY TIMES: www.suntimes.co.za
INDEPENDENT ONLINE: www.iol.co.za
DAILY MAIL AND GUARDIAN: www.mg.co.za/m
> FOR MORE INFORMATION
ITALIAN CONSULATE (S. AFRICA)
2 Grey's Pass - Gardens - Cape Town - 8001
Tel: +27 021 424 1256 -
Fax: +27 021 424 0146
EMBASSY OF SOUTH AFRICA (ITALY)